After Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger leave the G5 Sahel

After Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger leave the G5 Sahel

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Published on December 2, 2023

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After Mali last year, Burkina Faso and Niger, also governed by military regimes led by Ibrahim Traoré and Abdourahamane Tiani, announced their departure from the anti-jihadist organization G5 Sahel, nine years after its creation to fight against jihadism in the Sahel. At his birth en 2014, the organization was composed of Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Mauritania and Chad.

“A misguided and infantilizing partnership”

On Saturday, Burkina Faso and Niger decided “in complete sovereignty” to withdraw “from all the bodies and bodies of the G5 Sahel, including la Joint Force.” A decision which took effect on November 29, indicate the two countries in a joint press release.

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According to Ouagadougou and Niamey, “the organization is struggling to achieve its objectives”. “Worse, the legitimate ambitions of our States, to make the G5 Sahel space a security zone et of development are thwarted by institutional heaviness, heaviness from another age which convinces us that the path to independence and dignity on which we are engaged today is contrary to participation in the G5 Sahel in its current form,” they continue.

They affirm having taken a “historic responsibility” by leaving an organization which “could serve foreign interests to the detriment of those of the peoples of the Sahel, even less accept the diktat of any power whatsoever in the name of a misguided and infantilizing partnership which denies the right to sovereignty of our peoples and our States.” In May 2022, the Mali of Assimi Goïta had left the G5 Sahel, citing an organization “instrumentalized by the outside”.

The Alliance of Sahel States

The five G5 Sahel countries created this organization in 2014 and then launched its force in 2017. military while the grip of jihadists tightened around these states. Alone Chad and Mauritania are now members of this organization which seems destined to disappear.

Largely financed by the European Union, this force represented in the eyes of the international partners of the Sahel a doors outing in a region prey to jihadist violence. But joint operations have remained few in number and the security situation in the Sahel has continued to deteriorate. End of november, at least 40 civilians killed in massive jihadist attack on base military, in Djibo in northern Burkina Faso, according to the UN.

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The military regimes of Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso, whose relations with France are execrable, have come together in recent weeks to form the Alliance of Sahel States. The heads of diplomacy of three countries proposed Friday evening the creation of a confederation, with the ambition of ultimately achieving a federation. The three ministers insisted on diplomacy, defense and development “to consolidate political and economic integration” between the three countries.

(With AFP)

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