Pigment spots reflect an overproduction of melanin which is a natural brown pigment responsible for the coloring of our eyes, our skin, and our hair. Certain factors such as hormonal imbalances, age, inflammation, exposure to the sun, can lead to an overproduction of melanin, and therefore cause the appearance of brown spots. These can be of different types, depending on the factor responsible for their occurrence.
The different types of brown spots
Melasma or pregnancy mask : these are brown spots that appear on the face during pregnancy and whose cause is hormonal. In fact, the hormones secreted during pregnancy, namely estrogen and progesterone, promote the overproduction of melanin and therefore the appearance of brown spots.
Senile lentigo or age spots: As their name suggests, these are spots that appear with age and are localized on the backs of the hands, on the face, neck or décolleté.
Solar lentigo: they are brown spots caused by long exposure to the sun. Ultraviolet rays from the sun can, over time, cause melanin to concentrate in certain areas of the body that become darker than the rest of the body.
Post-inflammatory spots : which are spots caused by burns, rubbing, acne scars, etc.
Baking soda and lemon mask to fight against those dark spots
To remove the spots caused by acne scars and prolonged exposure to the sun, you will need:
- 2 tablespoons of baking soda
- 5 drops of lemon juice
- 1 / 2 glass of water
Mix the baking soda and the lemon juice in half a glass of water, until you get a homogeneous preparation. Apply the mixture to the face, avoiding the eye and mouth area, and leave on for 10 minutes. Then rinse your face with cold water to tighten the pores and moisturize it. This mask is to be used once a week.
Benefits of these ingredients on the skin
Lemon purifies the skin, disinfects it and also helps to lighten it thanks to its citric acid. It is also an anti-aging ingredient, because it helps stimulate the production of collagen, thanks to its vitamin C content and therefore reduce the appearance of wrinkles.
You can use this ingredient alone for the spots on your face. Just mix lemon juice with water in equal parts and apply the mixture on the face, leaving it on for 10 minutes maximum. Then rinse your face and moisturize it with your usual moisturizer, as the lemon can dry out your skin.
Baking soda helps to purify the skin, exfoliate, regenerate cells and thus to lighten the skin and eliminate spots, but also dark circles and wrinkles. You can also use it alone: mix baking soda with water until you get a paste that you will then apply to your face. Leave on for 10 to 20 minutes maximum, then rinse with lukewarm water and of course do not forget your moisturizer.
Attention, sensitive skin to refrain! This mask contains baking soda which is not suitable for sensitive skin. For other skin types, it is recommended to limit yourself to once a week use to avoid irritating the skin. You should also avoid exposure to the sun after applying this mask, because lemon is photosensitizing, that is to say, it makes the skin very sensitive to ultraviolet rays and therefore there is a greater risk. high to end up with dark spots on the face.
Bonus: To make your baking soda and lemon mask more effective, you can add honey too. It is a good moisturizer rich in antioxidants and therefore it heals the skin, revitalizes it and soothes it from external aggressions. Honey is also effective against acne, because its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action makes it possible to disinfect the skin and to purify it of the impurities which are source of imperfections.
This unbeatable trio will reduce dark spots to brighten your complexion, but also purify the skin and disinfect it of bacteria that unbalance the skin and cause imperfections like pimples and redness. You will therefore be able to find a uniform complexion.
That said, prevention remains essential to avoid any recurrence. For that, it is important to apply sunscreen daily to the most exposed areas such as the face, hands and neck, in order to protect them from ultraviolet rays. You should also avoid exposures between 11 a.m. and 16 p.m., as this is when the ultraviolet rays are strongest.
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