very African issues - Jeune Afrique

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African voices brought to the World Conservation Congress, still underway in Marseille. In addition to the conservation of ecosystems, the “greening” of the economy was at the heart of the debates. An opportunity for the continent.

Several times postponed due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the World Conservation Congress is being held in Marseille until September 11. Normally organized every four years, this meeting was accompanied by the World Summit of Indigenous Peoples and Nature, both led by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) which has more than 1400 members, including nearly 260 in Africa.

Its goal: to influence political and economic decision-makers. Prior to the COP15 negotiations on biodiversity in 2022 (the conference of the parties being scheduled for next October) and the COP26 on climate change expected in November, the event indeed raises crucial questions in the face of the challenges facing the planet. and its companies. Without sparing Africa.

Overexploitation of ecosystems, pollution, growing demographic pressure… The continent is hit hard. From endangered animals (including its elephants) to the disappearance of trees (especially in its tropical forests), through the degradation of its freshwater ecosystems and their fish, the list of risks continues to grow. 'lengthen. Without counting the specter of climate change and its extreme episodes to which solutions closely linked to biodiversity must be provided.

Reconcile respect for ecosystems and the economy

In response, the projects not lacking either, whether around the Great green wall of the Sahara and the Sahel (who aims to restore 100 million hectares of degraded land by 2030)Or Biodev2030 (integration of biodiversity into development in 16 pilot countries including 13 in Africa) - supported, among others, by the French Development Agency (AFD). Ecologist and agricultural engineer Gilles Kleitz, his dDirector of the Ecological Transition and Natural Resources Management Department,he update on African issues at this World Conservation Congress and calls for reconciling respect for ecosystems and the economy. 

Jeune Afrique: How does the World Conservation Congress represent a challenge for the countries of the continent?

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