Plundering wild fish resources to feed farmed fish: such is the paradox suffered by West Africa, whose halieutic resources are overexploited by Europeans and Asians. What is the extent of this predation? Answer in infographics.
The overconsumption of the countries of the North often causes paradoxical situations. After plundering their own fishery resources, Europeans and Asians first went fishing a little further away, then to the other side of the world. Then they turned to aquaculture and fish farming, industrial farming of fish and shellfish. Except that this mode of production, which now dominates the world market, is very often criticized for the pollution it generates. Created to alleviate the depletion of resources caused by overfishing, it is also paradoxically particularly voracious and helps to empty the oceans of small wild fish. Caught en masse, these are transformed into flour and oil, which serve as a basis for feeding farm animals and pets ...
We must "feed the monster", to use the title of the Greenpeace and Changing Markets Foundation report published on June 1, even if it means unbalancing local ecosystems and weakening the food security of West African populations. Every year, half a million tonnes of small fresh fish - sardinellas and bongas that could have fed 33 million people - are fished off the coast of West Africa to be processed into food for salmon from Norway, trout from China or pigs from France.
A flourishing business, but destructive and opaque
Renowned until now full of fish, and little monitored, the waters of Senegal, Gambia and Mauritania have become the new "hubs" of the world market for fish meal and oil. In less than ten years, around thirty processing plants have opened in the three countries. Beyond the ecological disaster that this represents for the region, this business mainly deprives coastal populations of their sources of income and their main animal protein resources.
A flourishing business, but destructive and opaque, of which Young Africa offers you to understand the inner workings and measure the scale in infographics.
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