Nowadays, most women are able to recognize the two most common cancers of the reproductive system: ovarian cancer and cervical cancer. That said, few know that endometrial cancer is found in 4st place of the most common cancers in the reproductive organs of the woman. In addition, the latter is also more difficult to identify.
Lydia Brain was only 24 years old when she had to undergo a complete removal of the uterus, simply because the symptoms of her illness were ignored until it was too late. She suffered particularly heavy bleeding during her periods but also in the middle of the menstrual cycle, to the point that she sometimes came to suspect a miscarriage even though she had virtually no intimate life.
In 2015, the doctors noticed a small lump in his uterus, but thought it was only a benign phenomenon. However, the bleeding intensified and manifested even after a slight stress. Lydia had to use feminine hygiene products even outside of her period of menstruation, yet still far from relieving her of those problems with which she has yet struggled to live.
A few years later, an ultrasound revealed that Lydia already had two tumors but once again, it was not enough to worry doctors: surgery was planned only for 8 months after the consultation. It was only during the operation that it was discovered that the tumors were actually carcinogenic and affected the endometrium. The doctors had no choice but to remove the entire uterus from the young woman.
Although the exact cause of endometrial cancer has not yet been established, factors could contribute to its development:
- be between 40 and 74 years old;
- a genetic predisposition if similar cases have occurred in the family;
- certain drugs (especially those used in the treatment of breast cancer);
- an excess of estrogen in the body;
- the presence of diabetes mellitus and excessive production of insulin (this hormone stimulates a rapid division of uterine lining cells);
- have no children (during pregnancy, estrogen synthesis decreases and progesterone increases);
- endometrial hyperplasia (the latter hardens the uterine membrane and is normally considered a benign disorder);
- Stein-Leventhal syndrome or polycystic ovaries;
- have already suffered from cancer
- Lynch syndrome (a genetic anomaly that contributes to the development of certain types of cancer).
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The most common symptom of this disease is abnormal and abundant bleeding, especially in the middle of the menstrual cycle, after menopause or in very excessive amounts during menstruation. Less common symptoms include lower abdominal pain and intercourse. In addition, it is important to be aware of the usual bleeding during menstruation, which may appear to be diluted and contain less blood.
Although endometrial cancer is not as easy to identify as others, it is treatable when it is detected in time and, in this case, the patient can still have children. If you notice heavy or abnormal bleeding, do not wait and see a doctor; it is important to keep in mind that this does not necessarily imply the presence of cancer, but it is essential to determine the cause and to remedy it.
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This article appeared first FABIOSA.FR