This is sad news. Giraffes are officially listed as endangered animals. Two species are classified as critically endangered animals. The icon of Africa known to be the largest enters the infamous and growing list of endangered species. This is the damaging record of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
The giraffe of Kordofan and Nubia are the most affected. These species have now entered the IUCN "critically endangered" area. The reticulated giraffe, from the horn of Africa, is placed in the "threatened" section. Other species have been assessed as "vulnerable" or "vulnerable".
There are nine subspecies of giraffes. Of these, seven have been ranked by IUCN, five have been ranked for the first time. Only the giraffe of Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe are spared. According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, the giraffe has lost 40% of its workforce over the last thirty years. The reference organization for the classification of cash has quantified 97 500 giraffes against 155 000 in 1985. The cause is poaching and the loss of its natural habitat.
Dr. Julian Fennessy, Co-Chair of the organization and Director of the Giraffe Conservation Foundation says, "While the giraffe is commonly seen in safaris, media, zoos, people- as well as observers- are unaware that they are threatened with silent extinction. And adding, "The giraffe population of South Africa is not threatened, the largest animal in the world is in real danger in the East, Central and West Africa. ".
Poaching and habitat loss
At the origin of the disappearance of the population of giraffes, the poaching and the loss of their natural habitat. According to IUCN, agriculture, mining, and outbreaks of civil and social instability are at stake. The giraffe of Kordofan and Nubia are now among the largest threatened mammals in the world.
Solutions for the preservation of the species
Some species considered vulnerable have seen their lot improve. This is the case of Rotschild's giraffe and that of West Africa which have thus managed to see the danger diminish thanks to the joint action of conservation organizations and African governments. Arthur Muneza, the East African Coordinator of the Giraffe Conservation Foundation, said:
"This is a successful animal conservation and it proves the value of the combined efforts between governments and organizations. We feel that our proactive measures save the giraffe in some territories before it is too late. It is now time to increase our efforts, especially for species classified as "in danger critical "and" in danger "".
Drones to keep the giraffe
Giraffes are essential to our ecosystem. Herbagères, they are very important for fire management and encourage the regrowth of trees and plants. To counteract this possible tragedy, the Bristol Zoological Society participated in the purchase of photographic traps in order to be able to identify the behaviors of the species and to be able to identify if they live in group. One of the , from the foundation explains: "We use drones to see how giraffes are moving in the region. They are used to monitor wildlife, but also by eco-guards who patrol the area to try to deter illegal activities, so at a safer distance, they can use these drones to identify illegal poachers or livestock breeders that could be in the park. "
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