Jobs in the Far North: the good points of the HIMO approach

Labor intensive projects implemented in 20 common for nearly 10 billion Fcfa have generated 1170 jobs in this area victim of the security crisis.

Olivier Bokale

The Far North region faces particular problems of development. This situation is mainly due to the harsh climate, the population pressure of the internally displaced 241 internally displaced persons and 987 88 816 refugees according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and the group's insecurity. terrorist Boko Haram. This situation has led to a general slowdown in economic activity in the area, a problem of development and loss of youth. The closure of the borders with Nigeria has also provoked since the beginning 2015, a depreciation of 30 at 50% of the prices of certain agricultural raw materials (cereals, cowpea, oxen, etc.).

In response to these challenges, in October the Cameroonian government launched 2014, the regional development program (Prodat) in the northern part of the country. This is an emergency plan of 120 millions of Euros, centered on rural development infrastructures built according to the HIMO (High Intensity of Labor) approach. Its objective is to act as quickly as possible in the Far-North, in order to support the local populations, and in particular the young people, whose risk of recruitment by Boko Haram was high. Thus, the National Program for Participatory Development (Pndp) was chosen for the implementation of Prodat. This, thanks to the support of the French Development Agency (AFD), through the Debt Reduction and Development Contract (C2D) and the European Union through the Emergency Trust Fund (FFU).

In 2015, AFD has committed alongside Cameroon to 3,3 billion Fcfa, through the 2e C2D, to realize 11 projects according to the HIMO approach in the Far-North region. Especially in the hydraulic and road sectors, with the expected results being the use of 2.500 young people and the professional insertion of at least 1.500 among them. To prolong this dynamic, Cameroon and AFD obtained additional funding from the European Union through the Emergency Trust Fund (FFU). This agreement, formalized by the first signing of a 6,6 billion Fcfa 2016 delegated financing agreement, will widen the HIMO approach to 20 new municipal projects. By 2019, these new projects will employ 3500 young people and contribute, on their own, to insert 2500 among them in order to solidify the recovery of the Far-North.

To date, the program has many achievements to its credit in the region. For example, in Mokolo in the Mayo-Tsanaga department, in Zamaï specifically, where the artificial pond under construction for a six-month execution period, cost 156,796 millions of Fcfa, has created 180 jobs. In the commune of Méri, the rehabilitation works of the access road Godola-Diyam Tcholli-Zalla, 12,6 km are going well. Their cost is 295 million Fcfa. The shipyard that will be delivered on 30 June 2018 has helped generate nearly 250 jobs.

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